But the funds are meant for the protection and conservation of the entire wildlife in the habitat, and not for musk deer alone. in china. Language. The poachers are from outside the national park and the buffer zone but it is strongly believed that they can never approach these areas without the support of the local people. Sagarmatha National Park The Sagarmatha (Mt. 6.5.1. , The most striking characteristics of the Siberian musk deer are its tusks and kangaroo-like face. They said a joint team composed of the army and locals had …  Generally in the north-south direction river valleys are formed by the Mandakini, Kali, Biera, Balasuti and Menan rivers flowing through the sanctuary. Conservation Biology, 2005, 19: 368-378http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2005.00602.x/abstract, Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, "Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows", "Kedarnath Musk Deer Sanctuary - Wild Beauty", "Tiger spotted in Kedarnath at 3,400m altitude", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kedarnath_Wildlife_Sanctuary&oldid=996953661, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 09:51. However, the Chinese government is greatly concerned with wildlife protection today. , Musk will mark their territory warning trespassing deers not to cross the boundary. Wildlife Division. This is highly prized as an aphrodisiac and perfume, which has led to large-scale … On the basis of rainfall of 3,050 mm (120 in) recorded near Tungnath in 1979-81, the monsoon rain (June to September) was about 81% while snow precipitation during December–March was 11%. Anyone who illegally hunts, catches, sells, or trades musk and deer will be prosecuted. The conservation … ", The sanctuary takes its name from the famous Hindu temple of Kedarnath which is just outside its northern border. Musk deer (Moschus moschiferus): Reinvestigation of main lipid components from preputial gland secretion.  These tusks are used to compete with other males and attract females. IN THE MUSK DEER NATIONAL PARK GURAIZ, AZAD JAMMU AND KASHMIR, PAKISTAN B. D. Qureshi, M. Anwar, I. Hussain and M. A. Beg Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Pakistan Corresponding Author e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org ABSTRACT In Pakistan, Himalayan musk deer (Moschus chrysogaster) inhabits sub-alpine scrub, and mixed … , Due to the severe amount of poaching for its musk gland, the deer population is continuing to decrease. It is hunted for its musk gland, which fetches prices as high as $45,000 per kilogram. nov., Glyptothorax spp. Uttarakhand is home to rare species of plants and animals, many of which are protected by sanctuaries and reserves. The dense forests, hills and mountains of Sikkim are home to a huge variety of animal species from musk deer and red panda , to bharal or blue sheep ,the Himalayan black bear and the exclusive snow leopard.  New sightings of musk deer was later spotted in the upper northeast Asia and Russia; these spotted places soon opened their own musk market. Despite being commonly called deer, they are not true deer belonging to the family Cervidae. Yang, Q., Meng, X., Xia, L. and Feng, Z. The Government of Nepal protected musk deer as It prefers altitudes of more than 2600 m. Adults are small, weighing 7–17 kg. In addition, there should be international control of the musk trade to aid in the survival of this species. Wild Russia.  These deer dwell generally live alone at a density of 3-4 animals per square kilometer in meadows, fell-fields, shrublands or first forests. The Siberian musk deer (Moschus moschiferus) is a musk deer found in the mountain forests of Northeast Asia. Musk deer are found in the various protected area located in the higher elevation. Deforestation is a severe threat to the musk deer's long term survival because the deer can only live in a few areas. Males grow the teeth for display instead of antlers.. , pindrow fir (Also known as West Himalayan Fir), The sanctuary is reputed to have many high value medicinal and aromatic plant species, of which 22 species are rare and endangered. They are poached for its pod, which is valued at US$45,000 (Indian Rs 2 million) per 25 kg (55 lb) that is used in cosmetics. A distinct subspecies roams the island of Sakhalin. It is found, not only in Uttarakhand in the Himalayan belt up to lowest elevation of 2,500 m (8,200 ft) (within a restricted zone), but also in some parts of the Himalayan belt starting from Northern India in Jammu and Kashmir and Sikkim, and in Bhutan, Nepal and China (southwest Xizang) with small numbers reported in China. Only a few tens of grams can be extracted from an adult male. The lowest winter temperature recorded in the first half of January is −10 °C (14 °F), when heavy snowfall is received in the upper region. The adult male has a gland under the abdominal skin that secretes musk. A solitary shy animal, that lives in mountainous regions from Siberia to the Himalayas. The park includes Single horned rhino (Rhinoceros unicornis) is an important protected animal in wildlife of India. V. E. Sokolov, M. Z. Kagan, V. S. Vasilieva, V. I. Prihodko and E. P. Zinkevich, Journal of Chemical Ecology, January 1987, Volume 13, Issue 1, pages 71-83. Various animals can be found here like the leopard, the musk deer, the Himalayan Black Bear, … Some of them are Annapurna Conservation Area , Sagarmatha National Park , Langtang National Park , Kanchanjunga Conservation Area , and others. Musk Deer Status, Distribution and Potential Habitat in PAs. In 2016, the Korean company Sooam Biotech was reported to be attempting to clone the Siberian musk deer to help conserve the species. Kaziranga - Musk deer. It is internationally important for the diversity of its flora and fauna (particularly of ungulate species). After the 1980s, the production begins to steadily decline due to hunting for their musk glands. There is also a guest house at Sonprayag. The sanctuary is geographically situated in the Chamoli and Rudraprayag districts of Uttarakhand. In Russia, the Siberian Musk Deer is protected as Very Rare under part 7.1 of the Law of the Mongolian Animal Kingdom (2000) and also under the 1995 Mongolian Hunting Law. Although bearing fangs, Siberian musk deer are actually herbivores with their main source of nutrients being lichens. In June 2019, a tiger was also captured on camera in this sanctuary.. 874–881. Chitwan National Park in the Inner Terai region is one of the best protected areas in Nepal and provides habitat for such creatures as the one-horned rhinoceros, royal Bengal tiger, sloth bear, and gaur, as well as several • Carnivores are: Indian jackal (Canis aureus indicus), red fox (Vulpes vulpes), Himalayan black bear (Selenarctos thibetanus laniger) (V), yellow-throated marten (Martes flavigula), leopard cat (Felis bengalensis), Indian leopard (Panthera pardus fusca) (V) and snow leopard (Uncia uncia). 200million cm3 of China's forest recourses were cut down in the past 25 years in order to harvest the timber stock in trade for commerce. This results in severe cold conditions. , The male species of the endangered musk deer in the Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary carries the much valued pods musk pod (glands). Musk deer potential distribution area inside and outside the protected areas of Nepal. National park authorities said they have been patrolling the park, but the site where the traps were laid was in a deep and inaccessible part of the gorge. Located in the Himalayan Highlands with an elevation ranging from 1,160 m (3,810 ft) (near Phata) to the Chaukhamba peak at 7,068 m (23,189 ft), it was a notified reserve forest between 1916 and 1920. Auf der Enhanced CD Zusatzmaterial und Internet-Link und, das ist der Vermarktung dann doch etwas zu viel: Aufforderung dem Fan-Club beizutreten. Through 1987, it had successfully reared nine deer. When marking their territories, musk deer gather fallen branches, tree trunks, as well as plant stems and place them in a circle. The permission of trekking, camping or conducting scientific study inside the sanctuary is provided by DFO Kedarnath. Important bird species reported are Himalayan monal (Lophophorus impejanus) (the state bird of Uttarakhand), Snow Partridge (Lerwa lerwa), kalij pheasant (lophura leucomelanos hamiltonii), koklass pheasant (Pucrasia macrolopha), West Himalayan bush warbler (Locustella kashmirensis), little pied flycatcher (Ficedula westermanni), grey-cheeked warbler (Seicercus poliogenys) and Rusty-flanked treecreeper (Certhia nipalensis).  Visitors to these temples have occasionally been attacked by wildlife. doi: 10.1016/j.applanim.2015.09.006, National Geographic Channel. The white-bellied musk deer is protected by law in Bhutan, Nepal, and India. Siberia. Few of the endangered species included marmot, snow leopard, markhor, ibex, blue sheep, brown bear, musk deer and snow wolf. D V S Khati, chief wildlife warden of the state, says, the protected areas where musk deer can be found receive between Rs 2 and 5 crore, depending on their expanse. Ancistrodon himalayanus) (common) and Boulenger's keelback (Hebius parallelum). The musk deer family differs from cervids, or true deer, by lacking antlers and facial glands and by possessing only a single pair of teats, a gallbladder, a caudal gland, a pair of tusk-like teeth and—of particular economic importance to humans—a musk gland. Their small shape allows them to hide from predators through tiny openings in the rocky terrain and also allow them to run exceptionally fast from their predators. It is most common in the taiga of southern Siberia, but is also found in parts of Mongolia, Inner Mongolia, Manchuria and the Korean peninsula.  The musk deers are also protected under the National Parks which accounts for approximately 13% of the Siberian Musk Deer population. The questionnaire survey was applied from October to November 2018.  It is host to temperate forests in the middle altitudes; higher elevations are dotted by coniferous, sub-alpine and alpine forests, and further up by alpine grasslands and high-altitude Bugyals. In the Mandakini River, fishes recorded include Schizothorax sp., mahseer Tor tor, Labeo spp., Gara spp., Barilius spp., Nemacheilus sp. It is largely nocturnal, and migrates only over short distances. Research program of musk deer ecology in the Sikhote-Alin region. The Himalayan musk deer ... there is an urgent need to give this species total protection in national parks and wildlife reserves in order to preserve genetic diversity and maintain essential ecological processes and life support systems. Kedarnath Wild Life Sanctuary, also called the Kedarnath Musk Deer Sanctuary, is a wildlife sanctuary declared under Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 and located in Uttarakhand, India. Musk deer farms have been established in China, India and Nepal. , The nearest airport is at Jolly Grant Airport at Dehradun at a distance of 227 km (141 mi) from Chopta, the entry point to the sanctuary. In addition, there is an urgent need to give this species total protection in national parks and wildlife reserves in order to preserve genetic diversity and Among the smaller mammals are Hodgsons's brown-toothed shrew (Episoriculus caudatus), red giant flying squirrel (Petaurista petaurista), and Royle's pika (Ochotona roylei). The poachers are from outside the national park and the buffer zone but it is strongly believed that they can never approach these areas without the support of the local people. , The sanctuary is reputed to be one of the world’s richest bio-reserves. Achievements in the Life Sciences, 8(1), 65–71. The headquarter of Kedarnath Wildlife Division is located at Gopeshwar, District Chamoli. , The sanctuary is rich in faunal, avifaunal and aquafaunal species (some are pictured in the gallery).. Aconitum balfourii, Angelica glauca, Arnebia benthamii, Artemisia maritima, Bergenia stracheyi, and Dactylorhiza hatagirea are among the threatened medicinal plant species of the sanctuary. Only males produce the musk, so this creates a problem because females and young are caught in the traps and killed. Earlier, evidence of musk deer had been recorded at Kalatop Khajjiar Wildlife Sanctuary in Chamba district last year. The management of wildlife sanctuary focuses mainly on wildlife habitat improvement, grazing regulation, forest protection and conservation.  IUCN has reported that "From 44.4% to 48.8% of the sanctuary is forested, 7.7% comprises alpine meadows and scrub, 42.1% is rocky or under permanent snow and 1.5% represents formerly forested areas that have been degraded. Maksimova, D. A., Seryodkin, I. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Miquelle, D. G. (2014). Der Francis William Bird Park ist ein 89 Acres (36 ha) großer Park in Walpole im Bundesstaat Massachusetts der Vereinigten Staaten.Er wird von der Organisation The Trustees of Reservations verwaltet und ist tagsüber für die Öffentlichkeit kostenfrei zugänglich. The musk deer is kept in Schedule 1 of the Wildlife Protection Act 1972. (2009). , The sanctuary and surroundings offer some housing for visitors, including the forest hut at Madhyamaheshwar for which prior reservation needs to be done through the DFO, Kedarnath Wildlife Division, Gopeshwar. The Siberian musk deer ( Moschus moschiferus) is a musk deer found in the mountain forests of Northeast Asia. Once the male and the female deer have procreated, the females will become pregnant lasting over 6 months and can give birth to 1-3 offspring, usually between the months of May through June. Everest) National Park (SNP) was established in 1976 and covered 1148 km2 of the Himalayan ecological zone in the Khumbu region of Nepal. National parks in India are IUCN category II protected areas. Erfahren Sie alles zu den Maßnahmen in unseren Märkten, zu Ihrem Einkauf und zur Liefersituation während der COVID-19-Pandemie. The decline of the Siberian Musk Deer's population began in China where most of the deer population was abundant. Most notably in the Sichuan plains, the musk production was accounted for 80% of the domestic trade in the 1950s. Due to biodiversity present in state 12 percent of total geographical area is protected areas which includes 6 National Park, 7 Wildlife Sanctuary, 4 Conservation Reserve & 1 Biosphere Reserve. , Among the more notable of the animals in the region is the animal for which it is alternatively named; the musk deer.  At Tungnath, two sedges, Carex lacta and C. munda, have been reported which had previously only been reported in the far west region of Nepal. It is an endangered animal. The musk deers are also protected under the National Parks which accounts for approximately 13% of the Siberian Musk Deer … Musk Deer are differentiated as a subfamily of the Cervidae and bear four sub-species called Moschus chrysogaster (Himalayan Musk Deer), Moschus berezovskii (Dwarf Musk Deer), Moschus moschiferus (Siberian Musk Deer) and Moschus fuscus (Black Musk Deer). It is believed that these farms will play a significant role in musk deer welfare and conservation. During breeding season, male deer will grow tusks instead of antlers. The sanctuary has a large number of Hindu temples located within its precincts. The majority of their diet consists mostly of lichens, pine needles, leaves, and tree barks. Its alternate name comes from its primary purpose of protecting the endangered Himalayan musk deer. We studied anthropogenic pressure on the musk deer population in the Khaptad National Park, Nepal. The Siberian musk deer is considered vulnerable, but is slowly declining to endangerment. It lies within the larger Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows of alpine ecoregion of India, Nepal and Tibet, The sanctuary is at its higher altitudes is characterised by glaciers which through glacial action over centuries have created deep "v" shaped valleys. Musk deer are found in 9 protected areas of Nepal viz. Answer. Kedarnath temple is the most historic of these and is visited by a very large number of pilgrims. New Delhi: There is only one musk deer alive in the zoos across India.The detail furnished by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and climate change (MoECC) in response to an RTI query shows that the sole surviving deer is in the Himalayan Nature Park, Kufri. Despite being a protected species under the Forest and Nature Conservation Act of Bhutan, the alpine musk deer is targeted by poachers for its musk pod, with an estimated 100 deer killed in Bhutan each year. Muskauer Park/Park Mużakowski – an outstanding example of a European park, a crafted ideal landscape, and a new approach to designing greenery in urbanized spaces – was included in the world heritage list according to the convention concerning the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage on July 2, 2004. Conservation works get further delayed as sanctuaries receive money towards the end of the … ). It is internationally important for the diversity of its flora and fauna (particularly of ungulate species). Edit. , The sanctuary straddles a geographically diverse landscape and transitional environment. Other ways the Siberian Musk Deer will mark its territory is by defecating in already marked territories or unclaimed territories.. Its inclusion in the list is a confirmation of outstanding interest … Musk deer are found in the various protected area located in the higher elevation. It is most common in the taiga of southern Siberia, but is also found in parts of Mongolia, Inner Mongolia, Manchuria and the Korean peninsula . (2002) Conservation status and causes of decline of musk deer (Moschus spp.) The geological formation in the catchment is made up of "Central Crystallines" that are metamorphic rocks such as gneisses, granites and schists. The Alpine musk deer (Moschus chrysogaster) is classified as an “Endangered” species by the IUCN Red list category. In 1972, India enacted the Wildlife Protection Act and Project Tiger to safeguard the habitats of conservation reliant species. The Kashmir musk deer (Moschus cupreus) is an endangered species of musk deer native to Afghanistan, India, and Pakistan.Recent studies have shown that the species is also native to western Nepal. Park protection Poaching of Musk Deer for musk pod, Himalayan Black Bear for bile, and Himalayan Tahr, Danphe and Monal for meat are the main threats in Langtang National Park. Musk deer have a preference for easily digestible nutritious foods that are both rich in protein and low in fibre. Situated in the Himalayas, the park has rocks as well as steep mountains. The rocky location provides crevices and crags for the musk deer to hide from many predators, such as lynx and wolverines. Conservation. Der Name des Parks bezeichnet jedoch keinen Vogelpark, wie es die naheliegende Übersetzung von Bird … However, of the 30177.19 km2 potential habitat, only 19.26% (5815.08 km2) is inside the protected areas and the remaining 80.73% falls outside the protected areas. Previous article in … Visitors are mostly Indian nationals on pilgrimage to various temples, though a few international tourists also visit the area. The various places where Musk deer are found in India are, • Kedarnath Wild Life Sanctuary, located at Uttrakhand is the national sanctuary established primarily to protect musk deer.It is also named as "Kedarnath Musk deer Sanctuary". Available at: "Fanged deer not extinct, still roaming the mountains of Afghanistan", "Moschus moschiferus (Siberian musk deer)", "Inside the cloning factory that creates 500 new animals a day", https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/fanged-deer-not-extinct-still-roaming-mountains-afghanistan-180953228/, "Species profile: Moschus moschiferus, Siberian musk deer", "Species profile: Siberian Musk Deer - Moschus moschiferus", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Siberian_musk_deer&oldid=999497369, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Russian Federation, Sakhalin population: 600-500, Russian Federation, the Eastern Siberian population: 27,000-30,000, Russian Federation, Far Eastern population: 150,000, Democratic People's Republic of Korea: unknown, This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 13:55. Declared as a protected area in 1910, it was later declared a national park in 1981. Lion (Panthera leo persica) is an important protected animal in wildlife of India. It takes approximately a year for the Siberian musk deer to reach maturity with an average deer living 10 – 14 years. In India, large population of musk deer can be found in well-secured protected areas and its population is unknown. Hunters catch and kill the deer using snares. The management of the wildlife sanctuary is done by the Uttarakhand Forest department. The musk deers are also protected under the National Parks which accounts for approximately 13% of the Siberian Musk Deer population. The Temple Committee maintains Dharamshalas (rest houses or inns) for use by pilgrims and tourists at Trijuginarayan, Dougalbitta, Mandal, Gaurikund and Kedarnath. Recorded reptile species are Himalayan pit viper (Gloydius himalayanus syn. Known as ‘The Green Paradise of India’, Askot Musk Deer Sanctuary is secured amidst the snow capped peak in the majestic Kumaon Himalayas at a range of 5412 feet. Siberian musk deer preputial gland secretions are constituted of free fatty acids and phenols (10%), waxes (38%) and steroids. All trades regarding musk are subject to strict regulation to avoid exploitation of the survival of the deer. Musk deer can refer to any one, or all seven, of the species that make up Moschus, the only extant genus of the family Moschidae.  This temple dates to the 8th century. It is possible to remove the gland without killing the deer, but this is seldom done. The cycle of over-harvesting the deer, but this is seldom done the domestic trade in the survival this... Rail head at a short distance of 212 km ( 132 mi ) from Chopta the traps and.... Consists mostly of lichens, pine needles, leaves, and Indian muntjac trade to in. Could replant Langtang National Park ' in Junagadh in Gujarat 54 kilometres Pithoragarh..., I. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Miquelle, D. G. ( 2014 ) adult. 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